Shingling a Roof
Shingling or roofing a house is a considerable undertaking for a homeowner and extreme care is required. This mentioned, a Do-It-Yourselfer homeowner can shingle or roof their own home with a little understanding and the right tools.
In order to roof a house properly and safely the following tools are needed: Ladders, Roof Jacks, Hammer, Carpenters Knife, Chalk Line, and preferably a compressor or nail weapon.
There are eighty shingles in one square. Normally 3 plans comparable one square, however this can vary a little pending the shingle style.
Procedure the area of your roof (length x width) and divide by 100 to get the range of squares required. Increase this number by 3 to get the variety of bundles of shingles required for the job. Consist of an additional 10-15% for additional, preferring the 15% if your roof has hips and valleys.
Step the outdoors border of the roof to calculate the drip edge required. Usually simply one or 2 courses of ice and water guard is required along the bottom/eave of the roof and in the valleys. Determine 2 times the length of the roof and valleys to approximate the amount of ice and water guard required.
Typically each shingle will require 4-6 roofing nails and flashing typically can be discovered in 16″ big functions or 6×6 or 8×8 square inch actions. Action flashing is normally used around chimneys, dormers and side wall junctions. Hip and Ridge vent will vary with local structure policies, however a rough estimate would be to figure out the length of your roof’s hip and ridges and take 75% of this figure for calculating the amount of vent required.
You should now have the capability to fairly exactly identify the expenditure of item for roofing your home.
Establishing the Drip Edge
Nail the Drip edge around the entire outdoors border of the roof.
Utilize the Ice and Water Shield Membrane and the Asphalt Paper
Utilize the ice and water guard item such that it is flush with the drip edge. If the environment in your area has severe winter season seasons and/or significant annual rains, consist of a 2nd course of ice and water guard for consisted of defense. You should also consist of the ice and water guard membrane in the valleys.
Next usage the asphalt paper to the entire roof, starting with the bottom and working towards the ridge. Make sure each course of asphalt paper overlaps the lower row by a variety of inches (effectively shingling with the asphalt paper).
Establish metal flashing
Establish metal flashing in all of the valleys. Action flashing around chimneys and dormers will be consisted of as the shingles are established.
Establishing the Shingles
Start the shingling at the bottom of the roof (or at the eaves). Lay a starter course such that the bottom edge of the shingle lines up flush with the drip edge. The starter strip is a “tabless” shingle that you make from the regular shingles using your carpenter’s knife.
Lay your next course of total shingles over the extremely first course, staggering the starter joints from the extremely first course to prevent water penetration.
You want to try to avoid little shingle pieces at the back of the roof. To prevent this, divide the length of the roof by the length of a total shingle and analyze just how much of a shingle length you want to start with.
Use a Chalk Line
To ensure your shingle courses run straight use a chalk line. Step the ended up expose on your shingles. This will make certain that you shingles run directly and real as you advance up the roof with the courses.
Vertical lines need to also be snapped every 3 to 6 feet to ensure your tabs keep placing.
Use of Roof Jacks
After 3 or 4 courses of shingles have in fact been established using ladders, roof jacks may be important to access the upper courses. Roof jacks are steel brackets that hold pieces in position for you to base upon. The roof jacks need to be securely nailed through the decking and into rafters to ensure that they will support your weight.
Shingling Valleys, Chimneys, Skylights and Dormers, and Step Flashing
Shingling the valleys and establishing flashing requirements extra care. The shingles, usually stemming from 2 assembling courses when getting in a valley, need to overlap each other such that no water penetration takes place.
Chimneys, skylights and dormers require to be action flashed (action flashing is interleaved with each course of shingles) to ensure water is prevented penetrating the roof.
Consisting Of the Ridge Vent and Caps
To end up the roofing job, ridge vents need to be established. These are nailed to the top of the ridge and after that topped.
The ridge cap prevents water from entering into your home by methods of the ridge vent, while still allowing your home to breath. The ridge cap is developed out of personal shingle tabs that have their insufficient corners cut off at 45 degree angles. Each personalized shingle tab, is nailed such that it overlaps the previous piece as you work your technique down the length of the ridge vent.
Lay a starter course such that the bottom edge of the shingle lines up flush with the drip edge. The starter strip is a “tabless” shingle that you make from the regular shingles using your carpenter’s knife.
You want to try to avoid little shingle pieces at the back of the roof. To prevent this, divide the length of the roof by the length of a total shingle and analyze just how much of a shingle length you want to start with. After 3 or 4 courses of shingles have in fact been established making use of ladders, roof jacks may be vital to access the upper courses.
The starter strip is a “tabless” shingle that you make from the regular shingles using your carpenter’s knife.
After 3 or 4 courses of shingles have really been set up making use of ladders, roof jacks may be necessary to access the upper courses. You prefer to try to avoid little shingle pieces at the far end of the roof. To prevent this, divide the length of the roof by the length of a total shingle and take a look at how much of a shingle length you prefer to start with. After 3 or 4 courses of shingles have in fact been set up making use of ladders, roof jacks may be necessary to access the upper courses.